Bosnia Cities with Hotels
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbo-Croatian Bosna & Hercegovina), republic in southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula, bounded on the north and west by Croatia, on the east by
Serbia, and on the south by
Montenegro. Formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia,
Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence in March 1992. Civil war then broke out in the country. Bosnia and Herzegovina (often referred to simply as Bosnia) has a territory of about 51,129 sq km (about 30,677 sq mi). In mid-1995, however, the majority of the country's land area was held by Serbian separatist forces; Bosnian government troops, consisting primarily of Muslim Slavs and ethnic Croats, controlled only a little more than one-quarter of the republic's total land area. As a result of successful government offensives, Serbian control had shrunk to about half of the country's territory by early 1996.
A peace agreement established in Dayton, Ohio, in November 1995 and signed the following month brought the war to an end. The area controlled by the Serbs is known as the Serb Republic; the remaining territory, controlled by a federation of Muslims and Croats, is called the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Some of the hotels, motels and resorts available for booking in our reservation network include, Ramada Inn, Marriott Hotels, Super 8 Motels, Econo Lodge, Holiday Inn & Holiday Inn Express, Travelodge, Hampton Inn, Sheraton, Hilton, Best Western, Hyatt and Hyatt Regency, Wyndham Inn, Ritz and Ritz Carlton, Days Inn, Courtyard by Marriott, La Quinta Inns, Comfort Inn and Comfort Suite, Embassy Suites, Quality Inn, Radisson Inn, Sleep Inn, Numerous Resorts and Resort Villas throughout the globe, along with Plaza and Plaza Suites and and array of private and Golf Clubs and Golf Resorts.
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Land and Resources
Mountains traverse much of Bosnia and Herzegovina's territory; in particular, extensions of the Dinaric Alps, which form the republic's western border with Croatia, traverse the western and southern parts of the republic. Much of the republic also lies within the Karst, a barren limestone plateau broken by depressions and ridges. Bosnia, in the northern part of the republic, is heavily forested, while Herzegovina, in the south, has flatter regions of fertile soil which are primarily used as farmland. The republic also has about 20 km (about 12 mi) of coastline along the Adriatic Sea. Principal rivers include the Sava, which flows along the northern frontier, and its tributaries, the Una, Drina, and Vrbas.
Most of the republic is characterized by hot summers and cold winters, although short, cool summers and long, severe winters are common at higher elevations. The average temperature in January is -1° C (30° F), and in July is 20° C (68° F). Temperatures along the republic's short coastline are warmer, and winters there are rainy.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich in natural resources, including large tracts of arable land, extensive forests, and valuable deposits of such minerals as salt, manganese, silver, lead, copper, iron ore, chromium, and coal.
Among the wildlife found in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the hare, lynx, weasel, otter, deer, fox, wildcat, wolf, gray bear, roe, and moufflon (wild sheep). The lynx, weasel, and otter have special status as endangered species.
Pollution from metallurgical plants greatly affected the quality of the republic's air during the second half of the 20th century. Water pollution is also a problem, and drinking water tends to be scarce. The most polluted river is the Sava; its water requires treatment even before industrial use. The area is also prone to earthquakes.
"Bosnia and Herzegovina," Microsoft® Encarta® 97 Encyclopedia.
© 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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October 10, 2008 07:27 PM.