Croatia Cities with Hotels
Croatia (Croatian Hrvatska), republic in southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula, bounded on the north by Slovenia and Hungary, on the east and south by Bosnia and Herzegovina, and on the east by Serbia. The area around the Croatian city of Dubrovnik, located at the tip of the republic's southernmost coastal stretch, has a short border with Montenegro. The Adriatic Sea forms the republic's long western boundary.
Formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, Croatia declared its independence in June 1991. Civil war broke out soon afterward in the republic as ethnic Serbs, backed by the federal Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), battled with ethnic Croats for territory. Serbs controlled about 20 percent of Croatia's territory in mid-1995. As a result of successful Croatian military offensives, less than 10 percent of the country's territory remained under Serbian control by late 1995 (see Yugoslav Succession, Wars of). Zagreb is the republic's capital and largest city.
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Land and Resources
The total area of Croatia is about 56,540 sq km (about 21,830
sq mi). The republic's diverse territory includes flat plains, low
mountains, a coastline extending 1778 km (1067 mi), and offshore islands.
The Pannonian Plains in the east are a low-lying, fertile, agricultural
region drained by the Drava and Sava rivers. Both rivers flow into the
Danube River, one of the most important waterways in Europe. The historical
area of Slavonia lies in this part of the republic. In the west, Dalmatia is
a narrow, barren strip of land within the Dinaric Alps that slopes down to
the Adriatic Sea. The Dinaric Alps consist of several parallel ranges of
mountains. The coastal range is partially submerged, a phenomenon that
accounts for the republic's numerous bays, gulfs, inlets, and more than 1000
offshore islands. The historical area of Istria, a peninsula that stretches
out into the Adriatic from Slovenia, lies to the north and west of Dalmatia.
A continental climate predominates throughout the republic,
with hot summers and cold winters. Towns along the coast, however, enjoy a
Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and warm, dry summers. The
average temperature in Zagreb is 0° C (32° F) in January and about 24° C
(about 75° F) in July, while in Dubrovnik the average is about 9° C (48° F)
in January and 25° C (77° F) in July. Annual precipitation along the coast
is about 760 mm (about 30 in).
Petroleum, coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, and china clay
are the most abundant natural resources found in Croatia. In certain regions
calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, and salt can also be found.
Deciduous forests predominate on the plains and in much of the mountainous
areas. Beech and oak trees are common. The Karst, a barren limestone
plateau, dominates the Croatian landscape in some areas; the island of Pag
consists almost entirely of karst terrain. There are 50 types of protected
plant life in Croatia. Wildlife in Croatia includes hare, fox, lynx, weasel,
otter, gray bear, deer, marten, boar, wildcat, wolf, and moufflon (wild
"Croatia," Microsoft® Encarta® 97 Encyclopedia.
© 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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October 10, 2008 07:36 PM.