Hungary Cities with Hotels
Hungary (Hungarian MagyarorszĂˇg), landlocked republic in central Europe, bounded on the north by Slovakia; on the northeast by Ukraine; on the east by Romania; on the south by Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia; and on the west by Austria. Hungary's present borders are virtually the same as those established by the post World War I Treaty of Trianon (1920). The country's capital and largest city is Budapest.
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Land and Resources
Hungary has a total land area of 93,030 sq km (35,919 sq mi). The country is somewhat oval in shape, with a maximum distance from east to west of about 500 km (about 310 mi) and a maximum distance from north to south of about 315 km (about 195 mi).
Hungary is predominantly flat. The Danube River forms part of Hungary's northwestern border with Slovakia, and then flows south through Budapest, dividing Hungary into two general regions. A low, rolling plain known as the AlfĂ¶ld, also called the Great AlfĂ¶ld or Great Hungarian Plain, covers most of the region east of the Danube extending east to Romania and south to Serbia. Highlands along the northern border of the country extend eastward from the gorge of the Danube at Esztergom and include the MĂˇtra mountains, a part of the Carpathian Mountain system. Mount KĂ©kes (1015 m/3330 ft), in the MĂˇtra Mountains, is the highest peak in Hungary. The area west of the Danube, known as Transdanubia, presents a variety of land forms. In the south rise the isolated Mecsek Mountains. In the north are the Bakony Mountains, a forested range in the Transdanubian Highlands, which overlook Lake Balaton. The Little AlfĂ¶ld, or Little Plain, in the extreme northwestern section of Hungary, extends into southern Slovakia.
Rivers and Lakes
The Danube is Hungary's most important river. Other major rivers, all tributaries of the Danube, include the Tisza, the longest river in Hungary, and the RĂˇba and Drava rivers. Lake Balaton, Hungary's principal lake, is the largest lake in central Europe.
Hungary has a relatively dry continental climate, with cold winters and warm summers. The average daily temperature range in Budapest is -4Â° to 1Â° C (25Â° to 34Â° F) in January, and 16Â° to 28Â° C (61Â° to 82Â° F) in July; there is little regional variation in temperature. Budapest receives an average of about 610 mm (about 24 in) of precipitation each year. Rainfall is heaviest in early summer, when heavy downpours frequently occur; the most rain tends to fall along Hungary's western frontier.
"Hungary," MicrosoftÂ® EncartaÂ® 97 Encyclopedia.
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January 15, 2010 02:54 PM.