Slovenia Cities with Hotels
Slovenia (Slovenian Slovenija), republic in
southeastern Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula, bounded on the north by
on the northeast by Hungary, on the southeast and south by
Croatia, and on the
west by Italy and the Adriatic Sea. Formerly a constituent republic of
Yugoslavia, Slovenia proclaimed its independence in June 1991. It joined the
United Nations (UN) in May 1992. The republic has an area of 20,254 sq km (7820
sq mi). Ljubljana is the capital and largest city.
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Land and Resources
Slovenia is mountainous, much like Austria to the north and
northern Italy to the west, and has heavily forested regions. The eastern
third of the republic lies within the Karst, a barren limestone plateau
broken by depressions and ridges. The highest point in the country, Mount
Triglav, rises 2863 m (9393 ft) and forms part of the Julian Alps in the
northwestern region of the republic. The Mura, Drava, and Sava rivers flow
through the forested northeastern region of the republic. A stretch of
coastline along the Adriatic Sea extending 46.6 km (27.96 mi) serves as the
country's southwestern border.
Towns along the coastline enjoy a warm Mediterranean climate,
while those in the mountains to the north often have harsh winters and rainy
summers. The plateaus to the east, where Ljubljana is situated, have a more
moderate continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold winters.
Two national symbols, the linden tree and the chamois (a shy,
antelopelike animal), thrive throughout the republic. Coal is the most
abundant natural resource in Slovenia; other resources include lead, zinc,
mercury, uranium, and silver, as well as natural gas and petroleum.
The population of Slovenia at the 1991 census was 1,962,606.
Slovenes, a Slavic ethnic group, constitute about 88 percent of the
republic's population. Slovenes speak Slovenian, the republic's official
language (see Slovenian Language). Unlike other Slavic cultures, Slovenes
have been heavily influenced by German and Austrian cultures for nearly a
millennium. Despite more than 70 years of affiliation with Yugoslavia,
Slovene culture exhibits many similarities to Germanic cultures. Slovenian
is written in the Latin alphabet-unlike Serbian and many other Slavic
languages, which are written in the Cyrillic alphabet-and has many dialects.
In addition, most people in Slovenia are Roman Catholic. Ethnic Serbs (about
2 percent), Croats (about 3 percent), and various other ethnic groups (about
7 percent) constitute the remainder of Slovenia's population. In addition,
in the early 1990s Slovenia was home to some 60,000 refugees from the war in
Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Almost half of all Slovenes live in urban areas, particularly
in the cities of Ljubljana (population, 1991, 321,057), Maribor (150,616),
and Kranj (72,299), the republic's three largest cities. The remainder live
in rural areas throughout the republic, many in alpine villages, where
skiing is one of the most popular forms of recreation. In the cities
Slovenes enjoy concerts, operas, and art galleries.
The Slovene government requires that all children receive
eight years of primary education and four years of secondary education.
Almost all Slovenes over the age of ten can read and write, and, although
not obligatory by law, most students receive postsecondary or higher levels
of education. There are 30 institutions of higher education; among them is
the University of Ljubljana, which was founded in 1595.
"Slovenia," Microsoft® Encarta® 97 Encyclopedia.
© 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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October 10, 2008 07:41 PM.